The Dyslexia Compass is designed to create an inter-body, international, and inclusive understanding of the rates, extent, and meaning of dyslexia across cultures. By appraising, interpreting, and aligning different measurements of dyslexia, the Compass can make a game-changing contribution to provision for early years education and the children it serves, making a real difference to the lives of millions of children across the continent.
Reported Dyslexia Rates by Country
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At present there is neither consistency nor a means of translating or aligning the inconsistencies between different national measurements of dyslexia. We only need look at the statistics to see the issues involved which shape the mission of the Dyslexia Compass.
The European Commission reported in 2013 that of thirty one countries surveyed, anywhere between 3% and 24% had Special Educational Needs. Meanwhile, the European Dyslexia Association estimates that between 5% and 12% of the population of Europe is dyslexic.
In the European countries covered by the Dyslexia Compass, it was discovered that reported figures ranged from the lowest (in Romania) of 0.1% to the highest (in both Denmark and Latvia) of 21%.
In federal and decentralised countries such as Germany and Spain, figures varied from region to region. In Germany, the lowest regional extimate was that 1.3% of the population was dyslexic, while the highest regional estimate reached 15.6%. In Spain the lowest figure given was 2.4%, while the highest was 17.5%.
With such huge disparities in the measurement of dyslexia, it becomes clear that a tool is needed in the measurement of dyslexia across borders.
The Dyslexia Compass has the capacity to solve this problem.